TOSSIB (Towards Sustainable Sanitation in India and Brazil) studies sustainability outcomes across different sanitation systems, geographical contexts (India, Brazil) and temporal scales using multiple analytical approaches and state-of-the-art modelling. Scenario building will support decision makers in uncovering plausible futures.
The project will enhance our understanding of complex human-environment interactions and their sustainability outcomes. It hopes to enable change in addressing multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
The project focus is on the watershed region containing Greater Mumbai (India) and on the Rio das Velhas Watershed (Brazil), which is home to Belo Horizonte. Beyond densely populated urban centres, these watershed regions contain formal and informal communities of different sizes, villages, as well as swaths of sparsely populated agricultural land, forests and mangroves.
The municipalities and communities in these regions face fundamental sanitation challenges (such as the universal collection and treatment of sewage). They offer unique opportunities to study the entanglement of co-evolving urban, peri-urban and rural systems at varying stages of infrastructural development.
The main question framing this project is:
How can sanitation be planned, designed, implemented, maintained and used in ways that improve human well-being and minimise negative sustainability trade-offs in the short- and long-term?
We adopt a transdisciplinary, multi-layered and multi-study comparative approach. The project has four interlinked objectives:
Prof Deljana Iossifova, University of Manchester, Architecture (International Lead and PI UK)
Dr Eric Cheung, University of Manchester (Research Associate)
Elsa Holm, University of Manchester (Research Associate)
Prof Amita Bhide, TATA Institute of Social Sciences (PI India)
Richa Bhardwaj, TATA Institute of Social Sciences (Research Associate)
Purva Dewoolkar, TATA Institute of Social Sciences (Research Associate)
Prof Norma Valencio (Federal University of São Carlos (PI Brazil)
Dr Ana Paula Baltazar, Federal University of Minas Gerais
Dr Murilo da Silva Baptista, University of Aberdeen, Complex Systems and Mathematical Biology
Dr Alexandros Gasparatos, University of Tokyo, Sustainability Science
Prof Em Clara Greed, University of the West of England
Prof Nir Oren, University of Aberdeen, Computer Science
Dr Ana Auguast Rezende, Federal University of Vicosa
Ulysses Sengupta, Machester Metropolitan University, Architecture
Dr Jose Siri , Wellcome Trust
TOSSIB is funded by the Royal Society’s Challenge-Led Grants scheme.
Duration: 03/2019 – 03/2023
Funding: £499,993 (FEC)